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In order to conduct academic research, you'll need to develop a search strategy, figure out what types of evidence or sources of information you need (scholarly articles, statistics, books, news articles, reports, etc.), use different types of library databases and research tools, and evaluate the information/evidence that you find.
When considering different types of information/evidence, it is helpful to understand how information is created because it will inform which sources of information you ultimately decide to include in your research. The video below helps explain how different information sources are produced.
Examples: Time, Newsweek, People, Sports Illustrated, Fast Company, and Rolling Stone
Examples: New York Times, Wall Street Journal, and Columbus Dispatch
All research articles have the following features:
A focus. Researchers say, “this is what I’m interested in.”
A rationale. Researchers say, “this is why this work ought to be done.”
A scholarly context. Researchers say, “this is what others have done on my topic so far”
A method. Researchers say, “This is how I’m going to study what I’m interested in”
A set of findings. Researchers say, “This is what I discovered after I did my research, and here’s what I have to say about it”
A set of implications. Researchers say, “Here is what my research means for all us going forward”