Primary Purpose: to inform and report on original research or experimentation.
Authors:often are researchers, academics, etc. who have conducted research in the field and are usually affiliated with a university or research center. Authors' credentials are usually listed at the beginning or at the end of the articles.
Audience:usually written for other scholars or college students who are assumed to have some knowledge of the field and to be familiar with the jargon
Editorial or Review Process: Before an article is accepted for publication in a journal, it is first reviewed by scholars or researchers in the field. Often, this is through a rigorous review process called Peer-Review which can take months to years to complete.
Other Common Features:
Usually published by an academic publisher, professional association, or university.
Editors are usually scholars in the field with established reputations
Illustrations, if any, are usually graphs or charts, with few color graphics or photographs
Articles are lengthy and extensively document research methods and findings with all references provided in footnotes, end notes, or bibliography/reference page.
Authors write in the academic language of their discipline
Articles usually have some common sections that may vary depending on the type of research conducted or the field, such as the abstract (summary), introduction or literature review section, methods section, findings sections, conclusion section, reference or bibliography section.
Examples:New England Journal of Medicine, Journal of Safety Research, Journal of Studies on Alcohol, and Annals of Tourism Research.