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APA Citation Style 7th Edition

Resources for learning how to cite your sources using APA Style 7th Edition guidelines.

Audiovisual Media (7th edition)







Publisher URL

Director, D. D. (Director).

Producer, P. P. (Executive Producer).

Host, H. H. (Host).

Artist, A. A.

Uploader, U. U.




(2019, July 21).

Title of work [Description].

Production Company.


Museum Name, Museum Location.

Department Name, University Name.



Reference List

Forman, M. (Director). (1975). One flew over the cuckoo's nest [Film]. United Artists.

Fosha, D. (Guest Expert), & Levenson, H. (Host). (2017). Accelerated experiential dynamic psychotherapy (AEDP) supervision [Film; educational DVD]. American Psychological Association.


In-Text Citations

Parenthetical citations: (Forman, 1975); (Fosha & Levenson, 2017)

Narrative citations: Forman (1975); Fosha & Levenson (2017)

Basic Format

Person or group who uploaded video. (Date of publication). Title of video [Video]. Website host. URL 


Reference List

Fogarty, M. [Grammar Girl]. (2016, September 30). How to diagram a sentence (absolute basics) [Video]. YouTube.

Harvard University. (2019, August 28). Soft robotic gripper for jellyfish [Video]. YouTube.

Cutts, S. (2017, November 24). Happiness [Video]. Vimeo.


In-Text Citations

Parenthetical citations: (Fogarty, 2016); (Harvard University, 2019); (Cutts, 2017)

Narrative citations: Fogarty (2016): Harvard University (2019); Cutts (2017)



  • Use the name of the account that uploaded the video as the author.
  • If an author's username and real name are both known, provide the real name followed by the username in square brackets as in the Fogarty example.


Vedantam, S. (Host). (2015-present). Hidden brain [Audio podcast]. NPR.

Parenthetical citation: (Vedantam, 2015-present)

Narrative citation: Vedantam (2015-present)

  • List the host of the podcast as the author. Alternatively, provide the executive producers, if known. In either case, include their role in parentheses.
  • Specify the type of podcast (audio or video) in square brackets.
  • If the URL is unknown (e.g., if accessed via an app), omit the URL.


Podcast Episode

Glass, I. (Host). (2011, August 12). Amusement park (No. 443) [Audio podcast episode]. In This American life. WBEZ Chicago.

Parenthetical citations: (Glass, 2011)

Narrative citations: Glass (2011)

  • List the host of the podcast as the author and include their role in parentheses.
  • Provide the episode number (if available) after the episode title in parentheses.
  • Specify the type of podcast (audio or video) in square brackets.
  • If the URL is unknown (e.g., if accessed via an app), omit the URL.

Reference List

Mottram, L. (2020, January 8). Hazard reduction burning is not a panacea to bushfire risk: Expert [Radio broadcast]. ABC.,-expert-says/11853280


In-Text Citation

  • Parenthetical citation: (Mottram, 2020)
  • Narrative citation: Mottram (2020)
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