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Learning Commons Resources and Services for Adjuncts

Explore this guide to discover resources and services to help support your teaching efforts.

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Electronic Book Providers

Use the following databases to locate e-books on a variety of subjects.

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Citation for E-Books

Reference List

With DOI:

Brown, L. S. (2018). Feminist therapy (2nd ed.). American Psychological Association.

  • Parenthetical in-text citation:
    • Paraphrase: (Brown, 2019)
    • Quotation: (Brown, 2019, p. 41)
  • Narrative in-text citation: Brown (2019)

Without DOI From a Research Database or Print Version:

Burgess, R. (2019). Rethinking global health: Frameworks of power. Routledge.

  • Parenthetical in-text citation:
    • Paraphrase: (Burgess, 2019)
    • Quotation: (Burgess, 2019, p. 120)
  • Narrative in-text citation: Burgess (2019)

Reference List

With DOI:

Aron, L., Botella, M., & Lubart, T. (2019). Culinary arts: Talent and their development. In R. F. Subotnik, P. Olszewski-Kubilius, & F. C. Worrell (Eds.), The psychology of high performance: Developing human potential into domain-specific talent (pp. 345–359). American Psychological Association.

  • Parenthetical in-text citation:
    • Paraphrase: (Aron et al., 2019)
    • Quotation: (Aron et al., 2019, p. 348)
  • Narrative in-text citation: Aron et al. (2019)

If the e-book does not have a DOI, follow the example for a print book.

The DOI or URL is the final component of a reference list entry. Because so much scholarship is available and/or retrieved online, most reference list entries end with either a DOI or a URL.

  • DOI is a unique alphanumeric string that identifies content and provides a persistent link to its location on the internet. DOIs can be found in database records and the reference lists of published works.
  • URL specifies the location of digital information on the internet and can be found in the address bar of your internet browser. URLs in references should link directly to the cited work when possible.

When to Include DOIs and URLs

Follow these guidelines for including DOIs and URLs in references:Include a DOI for all works that have a DOI, regardless of whether you used the online version or the print version.

  • If a print work does not have a DOI, do not include any DOI or URL in the reference.
  • If an online work has both a DOI and a URL, include only the DOI.
  • If an online work has a URL but no DOI, include the URL in the reference as follows:
    • For works without DOIs from websites (not including academic research databases), provide a URL in the reference (as long as the URL will work for readers).
    • For works without DOIs from most academic research databasesdo not include a URL or database information in the reference because these works are widely available. The reference should be the same as the reference for a print version of the work.

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